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Nagpur: Monkeypox cases on the rise in Kerala as another man tests positive for the disease. Kerala health minister Veena George said that a 30-year-old is currently undergoing treatment in Malappuram.

The patient had reached Kozhikode airport on July 27 from UAE as per the health minister. This is the fifth case of the disease reported in the state.

Karnataka’s capital Bengaluru has ordered screening at airports, bus stands and railway stations amid the rising cases of the disease in the country. The civic body—Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagar Palike (BBMP) has stated that 21-day isolation will be made mandatory for the confirmed cases.

The Centre has formed a task force to monitor and provide guidance to the government on the expansion of diagnostic facilities and exploring vaccination for the infection in the country.

The decision comes after a 22-year-old in Thrissur with symptoms of monkeypox died on Saturday. Kerala health minister Veena George said a high-level inquiry will be conducted into the death of the youth. She added that the youth had tested positive for Monkeypox in a foreign country and was seeking treatment in Thrissur.

As per sources, the 22-year-old had tested positive for Monkeypox in UAE. He arrived in India on July 22 and was admitted to the hospital on July 27 again after testing positive for the disease.

Meanwhile, a contact list and route map of the deceased youth has been prepared, as per the minister. NITI Aayog`s member (Health) Dr. V K Paul said that there is absolutely no need for any panic as the government has taken significant measures to keep the disease in check.

The Centre on Wednesday invited Expression of Interest (EOI) for developing a vaccine against the virus. The EOI documents state that the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) is willing to make available Monkeypox virus strains/isolates for undertaking research and development validation.

Is India prepared to tackle the Monkeypox virus?

Before moving ahead, we need to understand what the monkeypox virus is. Monkeypox is considered to be a zoonotic disease and is mostly transmitted to people from wild animals such as rodents. Human-to-human transmission is also possible.

The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared monkeypox a global health emergency on Sunday.

Can Monkeypox be passed on from person to person?

· Yes, the virus is transmissible from person to person through:

· Any close physical contact or towels used by someone with monkeypox blisters or rashes

· This includes sexual contact, kissing, coughing, sneezes, and even holding hands

· Touching clothing, bedding, or towels used by someone infected with a virus

Animal-to-human transmission may occur by bite or scratches of infected animals like small mammals, including rodents (rats, squirrels) and non-human primates (monkeys, apes), or through bush meat preparation.

What are the symptoms caused by the monkeypox virus?

High temperature
Headache
Muscle aches
Backache
Swollen glands
Shivering
Exhaustion

Rashes usually appear 1 to 5 days after the first symptoms

Medical director of Delhi’s Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan Hospital, Dr. Suresh Kumar has advised people to “exercise caution, wear face masks, and maintain social distance to prevent the transmission of the virus.”

The Centre has released guidelines to check the virus spread in India, including those at the entry points to the country. International passengers have been advised to avoid close contact with sick persons, dead or live wild animals, and others.

They have also been advised against eating or preparing meat from wild game or using items such as powders and lotions, derived from wild animals from Africa.

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