Nagpur: India has seen a descending graph on total fertility rate (TFR) from 2.2 children in 2015-16 to 2 children per woman now, as per the National Family Health Survey (NFHS).
The NFHS-5 questionnaire was undertaken in approximately 6.37 lakh sample households from 707 districts (as of March 2017) across the country from 28 states and 8 UTs, with 7,24,115 women and 1,01,839 men covered to provide disaggregated estimates to the district level.
If we confer about the overall Contraceptive prevalence Rate (CPR), it has increased substantially from 54% to 67% in the country. “Use of modern methods of contraceptive has also increased in almost all states/UTs. Unmet needs for family planning have witnessed a significant decline from 13 % to 9%. The unmet need for spacing, which remained a major issue in India in the past has come down to less than 10%,” said an official statement.
The NHFS-5 also divulges that institutional births have increased substantially from 79% to 89% in India. Even in rural areas around 87% births are delivered in institutions and the same 94% in urban areas.
The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) aims to provide reliable and comparable data on health and family welfare in India, as well as other emerging trends.